Bugs can make many people feel uneasy, especially when they are found inside one’s home or apartment. Bed bugs have become a common pest in many developed societies throughout the world beginning in the mid-1990s. Originally, in the 1940s, these pests were almost completely removed from industrial societies, but infestations have recently been on the rise. The cause of this increase is unknown, but resistance to pesticides, foreign travel, and the usage of second-hand furniture could explain some of the reasons.
Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded mammals. The species, Cimex lectulariu, is the specific type that prefers to feed on human blood. Although their name implies that their habitats are in beds and mattresses, bed bugs can live in and around any type of furniture as long as they remain close to their human host. Bed bugs can be very hard to detect as they are nocturnal and come out of hiding while their human host is sleeping. Many people will not wake up when bed bugs bite them as the bug injects an anesthetic as it pierces the skin to feed on blood. These bugs and infestations can be scary and damaging to one’s health, but steps can be taken to help prevent these infestations in the home and in other residences.